The Florentine botanical garden is one of the oldest in the world. Created in 1545, at the behest of Cosimo I de 'Medici, it owes its name to the simple herbs, as medicinal plants were called at the time.
The garden was designed by Niccolò Tribolo, as he was called, and over the centuries the collection of plants inside it have been enriched with varieties from all over the world. In the 19th century, two large greenhouses were also built to accommodate tropical plants and other collections from colder climates. Today, the garden stretches for more than two hectares and edible, exotic, carnivorous plants and monumental trees can be found there. Among the most important collections, there are Cycads, Ficus, palms and an ancient collection of citrus fruits trees.
The only things still remaining from the original garden, are the stone bust of Aesculapius and the entrance gate with the Medici coat of arms. The 2014 tornado also caused serious damage to the garden, but thanks to a crowdfunding campaign, over 500 flowering plants have been put back in the garden.
The Botanical Garden is currently a section of the Natural History Museum of the University of Florence.