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The wine route in Tuscany is ancient, as is the Arte dei Vinattieri, winemakers' guild. In the Middle Ages, during the period of the Republic of Florence, the territory was divided into leagues and the statute of the Lega del Chianti (League of Chianti) was established, which adopted the emblem of a Black Rooster on a gold background.
With the increase in the economy towards European markets, during the 17th century, the Tuscan aristocracy extended the lands cultivated with vineyards; this profitable cultivation made it possible to sell the precious nectar even without the mediation of the innkeeper. On the facades of the noble palaces of Florence, it was possible to buy wine directly from small arched openings known as "wine tabernacles" or "buchette" (little holes). Some of these little holes are still visible, such as the one in Via delle Belle Donne.
Travelling along the Tuscan country roads allows you to discover territories with continuous uphill and downhill stretches, with vineyards and olive groves that stand out as far as the eye can see, showing us villages such as Artimino, a few kilometres from which the Medici Villa of Cento Camini, built by Buontalenti and commissioned by Ferdinando I, is located. There is also the Archaeological Museum that contains artefacts bearing witness to the Etruscan presence in the area, the parish churches and churches that testify to the presence of St Francis and Bernard of Quintavalle with the construction of the Church of San Michele e San Francesco in Carmignano, which contains the Visitation of Mary by Pontormo.
The wine has the red colour of passion and is in Carmignano, known as the village of "Carmignan da fichi" (Carmignano of the figs) because of the exquisite fruits grown there. Here, the wine becomes the king of good dining with Barco Reale DOC, Vin Ruspo and Vin Santo.
Tuscany is an elegant land with energy flowing deep within its soul, preserving the memory of ancient times. It is between the towers of San Gimignano that we can enjoy a taste of Vernaccia di San Gimignano, a wine that makes itself known through the Municipal Centre of documentation and wine tasting. The centre was built by the Vernaccia Wine Consortium, which protects and enhances the value of wine production in the territory through the direct experience of emotional immersive awareness. The emotions of a somewhat wild land that brings with it a wealth of stories and legends, like the village of Montalcino which is synonymous with Brunello wine, the best known in the world, but also Rosso di Montalcino wine. Here, after a little wine tasting, you can visit the impressive fortress.
The Val D'Orcia is a triumph of vineyards that stand out against the ochre colours of the soil, where, in the year 2000, the Orcia DOC classification emerged as the label of wines produced from the noble Sangiovese grape. The Municipalities in which it is produced are Buonconvento, Castiglione d’Orcia, Pienza, Radicofani, San Quirico d’Orcia and Trequanda, as well as part of the municipalities of Abbadia San Salvatore, Chianciano Terme, Montalcino, San Casciano dei Bagni, Sarteano and Torrita di Siena.
The stones used to build the fortress protect the green of the vineyards, WHILE in the city of Siena the Orto dei Pecci contained the oldest and rarest vines, which have now been recovered by the "City of wine" Consortium, with the planting of about 200 vines as the existing wine heritage. While breathing in the atmosphere of the Tuscan land encountering the winds from the sea, you reach Terricciola, in the province of Pisa, where the ideal micro-climate has made it possible to cultivate superb vineyards, which you can get to know at the grape and wine festival, celebrated for more than half a century in September.
Progetto finanziato a valere sui fondi Legge n. 77 del 20 febbraio 2006 “Misure speciali di tutela e fruizione dei siti italiani di interesse culturale, paesaggistico e ambientale, inseriti nella “lista del patrimonio mondiale”, posti sotto la tutela dell’UNESCO”